Breast cancer originates from the inner lining of the milk duct or lobules that supply the ducts with milk. Cancer originating from ducts is known as ductal carcinomas and the cancer originating from lobules are known as lobules carcinomas. Breast cancer is commonly found in humans as well as mammals, whereas the majority of breast cancer patients are women, sometimes even men are likely to develop breast cancer. Male breast cancer is found rarely.
Breast cancer has been successfully diagnosed in many of the cases. Treatment for breast cancer is based on its size, growth rate, type and the characteristics of tumor. Surgery, drugs, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, radiation or immunotherapy are some kinds of treatment, used of treating breast cancer according its characteristics. In many cases surgical treatment alone is able to diagnose the cancer completely. It increases the likelihood of long term disease free life, along with the surgery in several cases chemotherapy is also provided to the patient as it kills the cells that are dividing rapidly. Chemotherapy leads to the cause of hair loss and digestive problems. After the surgery radiation treatment is provided to the patient, it improves the life expectancy and local relapse rate. Estrogen and progesterone are the kinds of cancer which affect the hormones and the only possible to treat them is by blocking the affect of these hormones.
Environmental factor as well as genes cause breast factor. Mutation of BRCA1 and BRCA2 also lead to the onset of breast cancer. It may also develop from either male or female relative who may have had the disease. Breast cancer incidence increases with the age, the older the women greater is the risk of developing cancer. Although, young women with the breast lump is more exposed to develop breast cancer as compare to asymptomatic women, even of older age. It generally detected at the age of 50 – 60. Breast cancer is found worldwide. Evidently, cases of breast cancer are more found in the developed countries than that of developing countries probably due to the change in lifestyle of the people or the adaption of western culture. Good number of breast cancer is detected as palpable lesions sometimes by clinical during regular check or by the patient herself.
It is important check out with doctor if you find any breast changes. Breast cancer barely shows any symptoms, a lump may be too small to see or cause any unusual changes. It is often visible through mammography. The formation of new mass or lump can be the sign of breast cancer. It is unusual, hard and painless, only you and your doctor can feel it. Following are the unusual changes or symptoms of breast cancer.
• Swelling of all or part of breast
• Skin irritation or dimpling
• Breast pain
• Nipple pain
• Nipple turning inward
• Redness, scaliness, thickness of the breast or nipple
• A nipple discharge other than breast milk
• A lump in the underarm
Today there is overwhelming number of treatment that fights with the breast cancer and cure it to an extent. Detection at an early stage can prove to a boon for the life and help you lead healthy and a normal life.