How to produce Candles is one frequent question I receive from prospective entrepreneurs recently, and this is because Candle Production industry is fast becoming a great source of income for smart investors whether on a small, medium or large scale.
To learn how to produce candles is very easy and fun for those that loves craft. I am sure you don’t know candle making is a craft on its own, but I won’t be discussing that on here. We would discuss further on that in my next post “Candle Making As A Craft”
To produce candles in an economy like Nigeria, you are surely in the right business direction; as the epileptic power supply in this great black nation is unarguably becoming a trend. Statistics shows it that in every street in Nigeria a minimum of two candle stick is been burnt daily. You solve the math yourself and figure out the number of Candles consumed in Nigeria daily.
How to produce candles in Nigeria must really interest you if you are still reading, so I won’t waste any more of your time. I will just go into practical details on how to produce candles (Pillar Candles) that are widely sold in Nigeria market. Let us do a quick review on materials needed to produce Candles (Pillar Candles).
1. Paraffin Wax
2. Stearic Acid
3. Paraffin Oil
4. Oil base Color (Optional)
5. Scent/Perfume (Optional)
7. Melting Pot(2pots needed to safely melt your wax)
9. Burner (Stove, Cooking gas, or Hot plate)
11. Packing nylon
13. Pour Cup
14. Candle Machine (Mold)
1. Paraffin Wax is a white and odorless solid matter, gotten from petroleum, coal or oil shale. It is solid at room temperature and begins to melt above approximately 37 °C. And this is the main chemical, which enables the candle to congeal when cold. Its boiling point is 370 °C. Please take note of its p’s (boiling point, melting point and pour point) as its very important. But there are well tested time frame formula that can guide you around all the p’s without the use of a thermometer. I won’t be able to discuss that on here.
2. STEARIC ACID is a saturated fatty acid which occurs naturally in cocoa and shea butters. It is a waxy solid that serves as an hardener to your candle. Strearic acid helps your candle burn more slowly.
3. Paraffin Oil is a white, colorless, tasteless, and odorless solid substance that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon which is also obtained from petroleum. This oil is used to shine your candles and also it lubricates your molds.
4. Oil Base Color: When producing white candles you wouldn’t be needing colors, which is why I said it is optional. These colors must be oil based, if you desire to get a perfect colored candle that wont cloak, smoke or drip when burning.
5. Perfume/Scent: This is used to provide a pleasant smell to your candles while burning them. There are a variety of Perfumes in the market. I usually try out 2 or 3 mixtures of perfume to get a unique finished product, which keeps my product unique from my competitors.
6. Wick: This is the braided cotton found at the top of a candle, which holds the flame of a candle. This plays a very important role in the burning of a candle.
7. Melting Pot can be anything that you can used to melt your wax. In the image above, I indicated 2pots. This is because when you use the double boiler method, you are guaranteed safety. Paraffin wax, like we discussed earlier is made from petroleum and has the tendency to flame up without notice if melted with a direct heat, and this can ruin your kitchen/workplace. I am sure you don’t want to lose your kitchen or even your beautiful face.
8. Turner can be anything that allows you turn your mixture adequately while boiling.
9. Burner can be your stove, cooking gas, or hot plate(Recommended).
10. Carton and Nylon is basically for packing your finished products.
11. Thermometer is used to measure the temperature of your wax, in other to ascertain your 3p’s.
12. Pour cup as the name implies is used to pour your hot wax into your candle molds. Never use plastic cups as the heat from your boiling wax could melt it. Aluminum cups recommended.
13. Candle Machine: This is the only expensive material in your new candle business. It is used to mold your candle and comes in different shapes to give you different candle designs. We produce this machines for N1,000 per hole(Galvanized pipes).
How To Produce Candles
First set up your work place. This can be your kitchen, sitting room, garage, or back yard. Where ever you decide to use please make sure you set it up properly to prevent wax messing up everywhere. All you need to do is simply get old cartons or sacks and lay them all over your work place.
Get your stove, cooking gas or electric hot plate ready. Please make sure your fire is not too high. It’s not good to boil your mixtures with high heat.
Place your first pot half filled with water. (Wait to boil)
While waiting for the water to boil, try cutting your paraffin wax into small chunks.
Place the second smaller empty pot inside the bigger pot containing your boiling water.
Pour in 5kg of Stearic acid, (For the purpose of this tutorial, we would be producing 5kg of Paraffin wax) and stir.
After some calculated time, pour in your shredded paraffin wax, and stir.
After melting your paraffin wax, add your paraffin oil and keep stirring. Please don’t over pour paraffin oil to your mixture to prevent having a very soft candle. Paraffin oil is used with paraffin wax in the production of Vaseline. Paraffin oil is a softener for paraffin wax. I bet you don’t want your mixture turning into Vaseline.
If you are producing white candles then you are ready to pour your wax into the molds, but if you are producing colored candles then add your color in bits and stir until you get your desired color.
Before now your mold should have been set already. I will produce a video sooner to show you how to fix up your wick. If the video isn't posted before you need it, you can visit our training ground for a one on one comprehensive practical training. Contact an admin for our office address.
After pouring your wax for the first time, keep refilling the holes over and over until there is no air bubble any more. Candle wax tends to reduce when pouring due to air bubble. And it shouldn't take more than 20minutes to congeal if your machine has a water tank inbuilt. Once your candle is congealed, simply roll up your candle by whining the handle of the machine to pull out candles.
Pick out your candles, and place them on a tray.
Ready to pack and hit the market!
Nicholas Lawrence Onumara is an online marketer/entrepreneur with over 10years experience. My pride is to assist new-bees and help them avoid the same mistakes made by me. I have gathered widespread experience over the years by testing several solutions to maximize business profit with little or no capital input. http://www.wazobiabizguide.com