In the editorial group s photograph of a school all the 5 teachers are to be seated in the front
girls are to be in the second row and six boys in the third row. If the principal has a fixed seat in the
first row, then how many arrangements are possible?
We were planning a surprise party for Margaret, but she walked in on our discussion, so of
course that rather let the cat out the bag.
A. so of course that rather let the cat out the bag
B. so of course that rather let the cat out on the bag
C. so of course that rather let the cat out in the bag
D. so of course that rather let the cat out of the bag
E. so of course that rather let the cat out off the bag
A teacher is making five children stand in a row. Each child is assigned a number tag before
to stand in the row. The tags are not necessarily according to their positions.
Amy, Tara, Xenia, Yana, Pam are the children and they are given numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
The following conditions apply:
Exactly one number is given to a child.
Pam must be made to stand fourth and assigned number 1.
4 must be assigned to Yana.
Tara and Xenia must each be made to stand in one of the extreme positions.
Xenia cannot be given either number 2 or 3.
All of the following is either true or can be true except
A. Pamis standing fourth.
B. Xenia can neither be given number 2 nor stand second.
C. Tara is assigned number 2.
D. Amy is not standing in an extreme position.
E. Yana cannot stand in any even position.
B. canal: ship
C. lobby: administrato
Those examples of poetic justice that occur in medieval and Elizabethan literature, and that
satisfying, have encouraged a whole school of twentieth-century scholars to "find" further examples.
fact, these scholars have merely forced victimized character into a moral framework by which the
injustices inflicted on them are, somehow or other, justified. Such scholars deny that the sufferers in
tragedy are innocent; they blame the victims themselves for their tragic fates. Any misdoing is
subject a character to critical whips. Thus, there are long essays about the misdemeanors of
Duchess of Malfi, who defined her brothers, and he behavior of Shakespeare's Desdemona, who
disobeyed her father.
Yet it should be remembered that the Renaissance writer Matteo Bandello strongly protests the
of the severe penalties issued to women for acts of disobedience that men could, and did, commit
virtual impunity. And Shakespeare, Chaucer, and Webster often enlist their readers on the side of
tragic heroines by describing injustices so cruel that readers cannot but join in protest. By portraying
Griselda, in the Clerk's Tale, as a meek, gentle victim who does not criticize, much less rebel against
prosecutor, her husband Waltter, Chaucer incites readers to espouse Griselda's cause against
oppression. Thus, efforts to supply historical and theological rationalization for Walter's persecutions
to turn Chaucer's fable upside down, to deny its most obvious effect on reader's sympathies.
assert that Webster's Duchess deserved torture and death because she chose to marry the man she
loved and to bear their children is, in effect to join forces with her tyrannical brothers, and so to
the operation of poetic justice, of which readers should approve, with precisely those examples of
injustice that Webster does everything in his power to make readers condemn. Indeed. Webster has
heroin so heroically lead the resistance to tyranny that she may well in spire members of the
imaginatively join forces with her against the cruelty and hypocritical morality of her brothers.
Thus Chaucer and Webster, in their different ways, attack injustice, argue on behalf of the victims,
prosecute the persecutors. Their readers serve them as a court of appeal that remains free to rule, as
evidence requires, and as common humanity requires, in favor of the innocent and injured parties.
paraphrase the noted eighteenth-century scholar, Samuel Johnson, despite all the refinements of
and the dogmatism of learning, it is by the common sense and compassion of readers who are
uncorrupted by the characters and situations in mereval and Dlizabetahn literature, as in any othe
literature, can best be judged.
It can be interred from the passage that Woodrow Wilson's idea's about the economic market
A. encouraged those who "make the system work"
B. perpetuated traditional legends about America
C. revealed the prejudices of a man born wealthy
D. foreshadowed the stock market crash of 1929
E. began a tradition of presidential proclamations on economics
In the corporate scenario, this opinion of yours can have far-reaching benefits provided it is
amiable and convincingly.
A. provided it is expressed amiable and convincingly.
B. provided it is expressed amiably and convincing.
C. provided it is expressed amiably and convince.
D. provided it is expressed amiably and convincingly.
E. provided it is expressed amiablitively and convincingly.
The fossil remain of the first flying vertebrates, the pterosaurs, have intrigued paleontologists
than two centuries. How such large creatures, which weighed in some cases as much as a piloted
hangglider and had wingspans from 8 to 12 meters, solved the problems of powered flight, and
what these creatures were-reptiles or birds-are among the questions scientist have puzzled over.
Perhaps the least controversial assertion about the pterosaurs is that they were reptiles. Their skulls,
pelvises, and hind feet are reptilian. The anatomy of their wings suggests that they did not evolve
class of birds. In pterosaurs a greatly elongated fourth finger of each forelimb supported a wing like
membrane. The other fingers were short and reptilian, with sharp claws, in birds the second finger is
principle strut of the wing, which consists primarily of features. If the pterosaur walked or remained
stationary, the fourth finger, and with it the wing, could only turn upward in an extended inverted Vshape
along side of the animal's body.
The pterosaurs resembled both birds and bats in their overall structure and proportions. This is not
surprising because the design of any flying vertebrate is subject to aerodynamic constraints. Both the
pterosaurs and the birds have hollow bones, a feature that represents a saving in weight. In the birds,
however, these bones are reinforced more massively by internal struts.
Although scales typically cover reptiles, the pterosaurs probably had hairy coats. T.H. Huxley
that flying vertebrates must have been warm blooded because flying implies a high internal
Huxley speculated that a coat of hair would insulate against loss of body heat and might streamline
ody to reduce drag in flight. The recent discovery of a pterosaur specimen covered in long, dense,
elatively thick hairlike fossil material was the first clear evidenced that his reasoning was correct.
to explain how the pterosaurs became air-borne have led to suggestions that they launched
y jumping from cliffs, by dropping from trees, or even by rising into light winds from the crests of
Each hypothesis has its difficulties. The first wrongly assumes that the pterosaur's hind feet
at's and could served as hooks by which the animal could bang in preparation for flight. The second
hypothesis seems unlikely because large pterosaurs could not have landed in trees without damaging
their wings. The birds call for high waves to channels updrafts. The wind that made such waves
might have been too strong for the pterosaurs to control their flight once airborne.
According to the passage, the lack of critical attention paid to Jane Austen can be explained by all of
following nineteenth-century attitudes towards the novel EXCEPT the
A. assurance felt by many people that novels weakened the mind
B. certainly shared by many political commentators that the range of novels was too narrow
C. Lack of interest shown by some critics in novels that were published anonymously
D. fear exhibited by some religious and political groups that novels had the power to portray immoral
E. belief held by some religious and political groups that novels had no practical value.
What are the odds in favor that when the letters of the word UNIVERSITY are arranged
andomly, the I's
Four persons enter the lift of a seven storey building at the ground floor. In how many ways can
out of the lift on any floor other than the ground floor?
Ten different letters of an alphabet are given. Words with 6 letters are formed with these
many such words can be formed when repetition is not allowed in any word?
There are three disks on a board of a child's toy. The colours are red, green and blue, dark
shades on one
side of the disks and light shades on the other side. The disks are turned to change colours from the
setting according to the following rules.
If red is the only one in light shade in the initial setting, then turn the green disk.
If red and green are the only ones in light shades in the initial setting, then turn the blue disk.
If all three disks are in light shades in the initial setting, then turn the blue disk.
For any other initial setting, turn all disks.
If the initial setting is red and green disks in light shade and blue in dark, what is the second setting?
A. AII in light shades
B. Only green ion dark shade
C. Only red in light shade
D. Only green in light shade
E. Only blue in light shade
Which of the following is a properly constituted committee, with the chairperson listed first?
Find the number of words formed by permuting all the letters of the word INDEPENDENCE
such that the
E's do not come together.
A box contains 5 red and 4 blue balls. In how many ways can 4 balls be chosen such that there
most 3 balls of each colour?
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