From Middle English heir, from Anglo-Norman eir, heir, from Latin hērēs.
heir (plural heirs)
- Someone who inherits, or is designated to inherit, the property of another.
- William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
- I am my father's heir and only son.
1959, Georgette Heyer, chapter 1, in The Unknown Ajax:
- And no use for anyone to tell Charles that this was because the Family was in mourning for Mr Granville Darracott […]: Charles might only have been second footman at Darracott Place for a couple of months when that disaster occurred, but no one could gammon him into thinking that my lord cared a spangle for his heir.
- One who inherits, or has been designated to inherit, a hereditary title or office.
- A successor in a role, representing continuity with the predecessor.
- Alexander Pope (1688-1744)
- And I his heir in misery alone.
- "I wish we were back in Tenth Street. But so many children came […] and the Tenth Street house wasn't half big enough; and a dreadful speculative builder built this house and persuaded Austin to buy it. Oh, dear, and here we are among the rich and great; and the steel kings and copper kings and oil kings and their heirs and dauphins. […]"
2013 May 11, “What a waste”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8835, page 12:
- India is run by gerontocrats and epigones: grey hairs and groomed heirs.
one who inherits, or is designated to inherit, the property of another
- Arabic: وَرِيث m (warīṯ)
- Moroccan Arabic: ورتة f (wərəta) (all the heirs)
- Aragonese: hereu m
- Armenian: ժառանգ (hy) (žaṙang)
- Asturian: herederu m
- Basque: jaraunsle, oinordeko, oinorde
- Bulgarian: наследник (bg) m (naslednik)
- Catalan: hereu (ca) m
- Mandarin: 繼承人 (zh), 继承人 (zh) (jìchéngrén)
- Czech: dědic (cs) m
- Danish: arving (da) c
- Dutch: erfgenaam (nl)
- Esperanto: heredanto
- Extremaduran: hereeru
- Finnish: perillinen (fi), perijä (fi)
- French: héritier (fr) m, héritière (fr) f
- Galician: herdeiro m
- Georgian: მემკვიდრე (memḳvidre)
- German: Erbe (de) m
- Greek: κληρονόμος (el) m, f (klironómos)
- Ancient Greek: κληρόνομος m (klērónomos)
- Hebrew: יורש (he) m, יורשת f
- Hindi: वारिस (hi) (vāris), वारिस (hi) (vāris)
- Hungarian: örökös (hu), örökös (hu)
- Indonesian: pewaris (id)
- Irish: oidhre m, beangán m
- Italian: erede (it) m
- Japanese: 相続人 (ja) (そうぞくにん, sōzokunin), 跡取り (あととり, atotori)
- Khmer: អ្នកទទួលមរតក (’nâkâttuŏlmôrtâk)|tr=neak tɔtuəl mɔrədɑk
- Korean: 상속인 (sangsogin)
- Latin: hērēs (la) m
- Malay: pewaris, waris
- Maori: whākapi, kaiwhakakapi, kairīwhi
- Norwegian: arving m
- Persian: وارِث (fa)
- Polish: spadkobierca (pl) m, dziedzic (pl) m
- Portuguese: herdeiro (pt) m
- Romanian: moștenitor (ro) m
- Russian: насле́дник (ru) m (naslédnik), насле́дница (ru) f (naslédnica)
- Scottish Gaelic: oighre m
- Cyrillic: на́следнӣк m, на́следница f
- Roman: následnīk (sh) m, následnica f
- Slovak: dedič m
- Lower Sorbian: derbnik m
- Spanish: heredero (es) m
- Swahili: mrithi (sw)
- Swedish: arvtagare (sv), arvinge (sv)
- Thai: ทายาท (taa-yâat)
- Turkish: varis (tr), mirasçı (tr)
- Ukrainian: наслі́дник m (naslídnyk), наслі́дниця f (naslídnycja)
- Vietnamese: người thừa kế (vi)
- Walloon: eritî (wa) m, eritresse f
- Welsh: etifedd m, aer (cy) m, aerod m pl
one who inherits, or has been designated to inherit, a hereditary title or office
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
heir (third-person singular simple present heirs, present participle heiring, simple past and past participle heired)
- (transitive, intransitive) To inherit.
- Quoted in 1950, Our Garst family in America (page 27)
- […] Leonard Houtz & John Myer to be executors to this my last will & testament & lastly my children shall heir equally, one as much as the other.
heir n (plural heiren, diminutive heirtje n)
- (archaic) Alternative spelling of heer (“army”)
- Alternative form of hire
- Alternative form of here (“their”)
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